Netskope nombrado Líder en el Cuadrante Mágico de Gartner® 2024™ para Security Service Edge. Obtenga el informe

cerrar
cerrar
  • Por qué Netskope chevron

    Cambiar la forma en que las redes y la seguridad trabajan juntas.

  • Nuestros clientes chevron

    Netskope atiende a más de 3.000 clientes en todo el mundo, entre ellos más de 25 de las 100 empresas de Fortune

  • Nuestros Partners chevron

    Nos asociamos con líderes en seguridad para ayudarlo a asegurar su viaje a la nube.

Aún más alto en ejecución.
Aún más lejos en visión.

Sepa por qué 2024 Gartner® Cuadrante Mágico™ nombró a Netskope Líder para Security Service Edge por tercer año consecutivo.

Obtenga el informe
Netskope Nombrado líder en el gráfico 2024 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Security Service Edge para Menu
Ayudamos a nuestros clientes a estar preparados para cualquier situación

Ver nuestros clientes
Woman smiling with glasses looking out window
La estrategia de venta centrada en el partner de Netskope permite a nuestros canales maximizar su expansión y rentabilidad y, al mismo tiempo, transformar la seguridad de su empresa.

Más información sobre los socios de Netskope
Group of diverse young professionals smiling
Tu red del mañana

Planifique su camino hacia una red más rápida, más segura y más resistente diseñada para las aplicaciones y los usuarios a los que da soporte.

Obtenga el whitepaper
Tu red del mañana
Presentamos la Netskope One Plataforma

Netskope One es una Plataforma nativa en la nube que ofrece servicios convergentes de seguridad y redes para hacer posible su transformación SASE y de confianza cero.

Learn about Netskope One
Abstracto con iluminación azul
Adopte una arquitectura de borde de servicio de acceso seguro (SASE)

Netskope NewEdge es la nube privada de seguridad más grande y de mayor rendimiento del mundo y ofrece a los clientes una cobertura de servicio, un rendimiento y una resiliencia incomparables.

Más información sobre NewEdge
NewEdge
Netskope Cloud Exchange

Cloud Exchange (CE) de Netskope ofrece a sus clientes herramientas de integración eficaces para que saquen partido a su inversión en estrategias de seguridad.

Más información sobre Cloud Exchange
Vídeo de Netskope
  • Servicio de seguridad Productos Edge chevron

    Protéjase contra las amenazas avanzadas y en la nube y salvaguarde los datos en todos los vectores.

  • Borderless SD-WAN chevron

    Proporcione con confianza un acceso seguro y de alto rendimiento a cada usuario remoto, dispositivo, sitio y nube.

  • Secure Access Service Edge chevron

    Netskope One SASE proporciona una solución SASE nativa en la nube, totalmente convergente y de un único proveedor.

La plataforma del futuro es Netskope

Intelligent Security Service Edge (SSE), Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB), Cloud Firewall, Next Generation Secure Web Gateway (SWG) y Private Access for ZTNA integrados de forma nativa en una única solución para ayudar a todas las empresas en su camino hacia el Servicio de acceso seguro Arquitectura perimetral (SASE).

Todos los productos
Vídeo de Netskope
Next Gen SASE Branch es híbrida: conectada, segura y automatizada

Netskope Next Gen SASE Branch converge Context-Aware SASE Fabric, Zero-Trust Hybrid Security y SkopeAI-Powered Cloud Orchestrator en una oferta de nube unificada, marcando el comienzo de una experiencia de sucursal completamente modernizada para la empresa sin fronteras.

Obtenga más información sobre Next Gen SASE Branch
Personas en la oficina de espacios abiertos.
Diseño de una arquitectura SASE para Dummies

Obtenga un ejemplar gratuito del único manual que necesitará sobre diseño de una arquitectura SASE.

Obtenga el eBook
Cambie a los servicios de seguridad en la nube líderes del mercado con una latencia mínima y una alta fiabilidad.

Más información sobre NewEdge
Lighted highway through mountainside switchbacks
Habilite de forma segura el uso de aplicaciones de IA generativa con control de acceso a aplicaciones, capacitación de usuarios en tiempo real y la mejor protección de datos de su clase.

Descubra cómo aseguramos el uso generativo de IA
Habilite de forma segura ChatGPT y IA generativa
Soluciones de confianza cero para implementaciones de SSE y SASE

Más información sobre Confianza Cero
Boat driving through open sea
Netskope logra la alta autorización FedRAMP

Elija Netskope GovCloud para acelerar la transformación de su agencia.

Más información sobre Netskope GovCloud
Netskope GovCloud
  • Recursos chevron

    Obtenga más información sobre cómo Netskope puede ayudarle a proteger su viaje hacia la nube.

  • Blog chevron

    Descubra cómo Netskope permite la transformación de la seguridad y las redes a través del borde de servicio de seguridad (SSE)

  • Eventos y Talleres chevron

    Manténgase a la vanguardia de las últimas tendencias de seguridad y conéctese con sus pares.

  • Seguridad definida chevron

    Todo lo que necesitas saber en nuestra enciclopedia de ciberseguridad.

Podcast Security Visionaries

On Patents, Trolls, and Innovation
In this episode host Emily Wearmouth chats with Suzanne Oliver, an intellectual property expert, and Krishna Narayanaswamy, co-founder and CTO of Netskope, about the world of patents.

Reproducir el pódcast
On Patents, Trolls, and Innovation
Últimos blogs

Lea cómo Netskope puede hacer posible el viaje hacia la Confianza Cero y SASE a través de las capacidades del borde de servicio de seguridad (SSE).

Lea el blog
Sunrise and cloudy sky
SASE Week 2023: ¡Su viaje SASE comienza ahora!

Sesiones de repetición de la cuarta SASE Week.

Explorar sesiones
SASE Week 2023
¿Qué es Security Service Edge (SSE)?

Explore el lado de la seguridad de SASE, el futuro de la red y la protección en la nube.

Más información sobre el servicio de seguridad perimetral
Four-way roundabout
  • Empresa chevron

    Le ayudamos a mantenerse a la vanguardia de los desafíos de seguridad de la nube, los datos y la red.

  • Liderazgo chevron

    Nuestro equipo de liderazgo está firmemente comprometido a hacer todo lo necesario para que nuestros clientes tengan éxito.

  • Soluciones para clientes chevron

    Le apoyamos en cada paso del camino, garantizando su éxito con Netskope.

  • Formación y certificación chevron

    La formación de Netskope le ayudará a convertirse en un experto en seguridad en la nube.

Apoyar la sostenibilidad a través de la seguridad de los datos

Netskope se enorgullece de participar en Vision 2045: una iniciativa destinada a crear conciencia sobre el papel de la industria privada en la sostenibilidad.

Descubra más
Apoyando la sustentabilidad a través de la seguridad de los datos
Pensadores, constructores, soñadores, innovadores. Juntos, ofrecemos soluciones de seguridad en la nube de vanguardia para ayudar a nuestros clientes a proteger sus datos y usuarios.

Conozca a nuestro equipo
Group of hikers scaling a snowy mountain
El talentoso y experimentado equipo de servicios profesionales de Netskope proporciona un enfoque prescriptivo para su exitosa implementación.

Más información sobre servicios profesionales
Servicios profesionales de Netskope
Asegure su viaje de transformación digital y aproveche al máximo sus aplicaciones en la nube, web y privadas con la capacitación de Netskope.

Infórmese sobre Capacitaciones y Certificaciones
Group of young professionals working

Pony Malware – How to Protect User and Wallet Data

Jan 24 2018
Etiquetas
Bitcoin
Pony Loader
Threat Research

What is Pony Loader?

Pony Loader is a botnet controller that targets user credentials on Windows computers. It has been around since 2011, and it is a big threat for credential theft. Pony Loader is also known as Pony, Pony Stealer, and FAreIT. When a computer is infected, Pony Loader runs in the background of the computer gathering private information about the system and the users connected with that system. Pony Loader can load other malware onto the system, or steal credentials from the system and send them to its own server. You may not even know that your computer has been infected with Pony Loader, as Pony Loader may disable antivirus software, and it can sometimes be set up to terminate after credentials are stolen.

How does Pony Loader steal credentials?

Pony Loader can steal credentials from many programs including web browsers like Google Chrome, or Internet Explorer. Pony Loader can also steal credentials from FTP applications, email accounts, and cryptocurrency wallets and more. Pony Loader steals credentials by reverse-engineering passwords that were in your computer’s encrypted storage. It can also steal credentials by using brute-force attacks, where software is used to generate many consecutive credential guesses. Once the credentials are stolen, Pony Loader sends the data back to its server where the hackers can use the data to steal money from users’ bank accounts or cryptocurrency wallets. The hackers may also sell the data to any number of sources.

Netskope Threat Research Labs has detected two variants of a data theft malware named Pony Loader resident in SaaS accounts, with one looking for around 35 different crypto-currency wallet credentials. The Pony Loader malware (also referred to as Fareit), is exclusively used in phishing campaigns, ever since the crimeware source code was made available for sale in the underground hacking forums. Netskope Threat Protection detects the two Pony Loader malware as Gen:Variant.Injector.124 and Gen:Variant.Midie.41711.

Phishing Email attachments

Phishing techniques—such as users opening an infected link in an email— can trick users into accidentally downloading Pony Loader. The phishing emails that distribute Pony Loader use enticing messages and filenames to encourage the recipients to open the email and download the infected file. These email attachments are often automatically synced to cloud storage services using file collaboration settings in popular SaaS applications and third-party applications. Once Pony Loader is in the computer’s system, it can then be used to download other forms of malware, like Vawtrack (used to steal more credentials). As Pony Loader is also a botnet controller, once it is in a computer’s system it can use its botnet to attack others.

The email attachments we observed are as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.

Figure 1: Phishing email with ‘Christmas Order.ace’ attachment

Figure 2: Phishing email with REZKAR Korea order list end of year 11-2017.r11 attachment

As mentioned in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the email attachments have extensions .ace and .r11. Traditional compression tools like WinRAR support the decompression R11 and ACE file formats. We have also detailed the usage of .R11 file extension by Nanocore RAT in our previous research. Since decompression is also supported by these tools, the compressed archive with these extensions detonate successfully when the victim inadvertently executes the file.

Analysis of the Pony Loader Binaries

Both the Pony Loader archives we observed contained binaries that are packed and complied with Microsoft Visual Basic. The details of the samples, detection by Netskope Threat Protection and Netskope Advanced Heuristics Analysis is as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3: Email attachments and detection from Netskope Threat Protection

Both the payloads are responsible for stealing credentials from several password authentication services like FTP accounts and browsers from the victim’s machine. This has already been detailed by us in our earlier research. The presence of this binary can be identified by a unique string “YUIPWDFILE0YUIPKDFILE0YUICRYPTED0YUI1.0” in the memory of the running process of the Pony Loader binary

File name – REZKAR Korea order list end of year 11-2017.exe

Netskope detection – Gen:Variant.Injector.124

C&C – http://mangiaine[.]com/bobventures/Panel/gate[.]php

At the time of writing, the C&C admin panel was active. The file path of the C&C, bobventures/Panel/ is as shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4: C&C path bobventures/Panel/

The Pony Loader login panel is as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5: Pony Loader login panel

The packet capture of the data sent to the C&C is shown in Figure 6.

Figure 6: C&C connection to mangiaine[.]com

Interestingly, the domain maingiane[.]com has the name server bitcoin-dns.hosting as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 7: maingiane[.]com name server bitcoin-dns.hosting

Bitcoin-dns.hosting is associated to a website named Domains4Bitcoins that allows to buy domains and hosting with Bitcoin.

File name – Christmas Order.exe

Netskope detection – Gen:Variant.Midie.41711

C&C –  http://prontocasamos[.]com.br/wp-includes/pomo/.cert/grsec/encode[.]php

In addition to data exfiltration, this version of Pony Loader tries to retrieve credentials from 35 Cryptocurrency wallets as shown in Table 1.

Pony Loader Cryptocurrency Wallet targets
BitcoinElectrumLitecoinNamecoinTerracoin
PPCoinPrimecoinFeathercoinNovaCoinArmory
DevcoinFrankoProtoSharesMegacoinFreicoin
WorldcoinInfinitecoinIxcoinAnoncoinQuarkcoin
DigitalcoinMincoinGoldCoin (GLD)YacoinBBQcoin
FastcoinI0coinTagcoinBytecoinZetacoin
PhoenixcoinLuckycoinCraftcoinJunkcoinFlorincoin

Table 1: Pony Loader Cryptocurrency Wallet targets

Additionally, the malware also contains a list of 232 common passwords to brute-force user accounts.

The passwords used by the malware are listed below

“samantha,michelle,david,eminem,scooter,asdfasdf,sammy,baby,diamond,maxwell,justin,james,chicken,danielle,iloveyou2,prince,junior,rainbow,nintendo,peanut,none,church,bubbles,robert,destiny,loving,gfhjkm,mylove,jasper,hallo,cocacola,helpme,nicole,guitar,billgates,looking,scooby,joseph,genesis, forum,emmanuel,cassie,victory,passw0rd,foobar,ilovegod,nathan,blabla,digital,peaches,football1,power, thunder,gateway,iloveyou!,football,tigger,corvette,angel,killer,creative,google,zxcvbnm,startrek,ashley,cheese,sunshine,christ,soccer,qwerty1,friend,summer,merlin,phpbb,jordan,saved,dexter,viper,winner,sparky,windows, 123abc,lucky,anthony,jesus,ghbdtn,admin,hotdog,baseball,password1,dragon,trustno1,jason,internet,mustdie, john,letmein,mike,knight,jordan23,abc123,red123,praise,freedom,jesus1,london,computer,microsoft,muffin,qwert,mother,master,qazwsx,samuel,canada,slayer,rachel,onelove,qwerty,prayer,iloveyou1,whatever,god,password,blessing,snoopy,1q2w3e4r,cookie,chelsea,pokemon,hahaha,aaaaaa,hardcore,shadow,welcome,mustang,bailey,blahblah,matrix,jessica,stella,benjamin,testing,secret,trinity,richard,peace,shalom,monkey,iloveyou,thomas,blink182,jasmine,purple,test,angels,grace,hello,poop,blessed,heaven,hunter,pepper,john316,cool,buster,andrew,faith,ginger,hockey,hello1,angel1,superman,enter,daniel,forever,nothing,dakota,kitten,asdf,banana,gates,flower,taylor,lovely,hannah,princess,compaq,jennifer,myspace1,smokey,matthew,harley,rotimi,soccer1,single,joshua,green,123qwe,starwars,love,silver,austin,michael,amanda,charlie,bandit,chris,happy,hope,maggie,maverick,online,spirit,george,friends,dallas,adidas,1q2w3e,orange,testtest,asshole,fapple,biteme,william,mickey,asdfgh,wisdom,batman”

At the time of analysis, the C&C was not active and not serving any response.

Conclusión

Pony Loader is a well-known crimeware used for data theft. Based on the above analysis we have observed both the payloads responsible for stealing credentials from several password authentication services like FTP accounts and browsers. Additionally, one version of Pony Loader tries to retrieve credentials from cryptocurrency wallets and also perform brute-force activity of the user accounts. With increased attention in cryptocurrency and the presence of data theft trojans like Pony Loader, users must pay close attention to the social engineering tactics used by threat actors, and avoid opening any suspicious emails and attachments.

General Recommendations

Netskope recommends the following to combat cloud malware and threats:

  • Detect and remediate cloud threats using a threat-aware CASB solution like Netskope and enforce policy on usage of unsanctioned services as well as unsanctioned instances of sanctioned cloud services
  • Sample policies to enforce:
    • Scan all uploads from unmanaged devices to sanctioned cloud applications for malware
    • Scan all uploads from remote devices to sanctioned cloud applications for malware
    • Scan all downloads from unsanctioned cloud applications for malware
    • Scan all downloads from unsanctioned instances of sanctioned cloud applications for malware
    • Enforce quarantine/block actions on malware detection to reduce user impact
    • Block unsanctioned instances of sanctioned/well known cloud apps, to prevent attackers from exploiting user trust in cloud. While this may seem a little restrictive, it significantly reduces the risk of malware infiltration attempts via cloud
  • Enforce DLP policies to control files and data en route to or from your corporate environment and employees
  • Regularly back up and turn on versioning for critical content in cloud services
  • Enable the “View known file extensions” option on Windows machines
  • Warn users to avoid executing unsigned macros and macros from an untrusted source, unless they are very sure that they are benign, if unsure, have them work with the proper security department to prevent further ploys and damages
  • Whenever you receive a hyperlink, hover over it with your mouse over it to ensure it’s legitimate
  • Enterprise users should always keep their systems and antivirus updated with the latest releases and patches
  • Administrators can also consider Improving credential protection for Microsoft Windows at a company-wide level
  • Warn users to avoid executing any file unless they are very sure that they are benign or have them work with the correct security department if they are unsure
  • Warn users against opening untrusted attachments, regardless of their extensions, filenames, or who it appears to be received from
  • Keep all systems and antivirus updated with the latest releases and patches
author image
Ashwin Vamshi
Ashwin Vamshi es un investigador de seguridad con un interés innato en los ataques dirigidos y el malware que utilizan servicios en la nube. Se centra principalmente en la identificación de nuevos vectores de ataque y malware, campañas y ciber-delincuentes que utilizan la "nube como vector de ataque".

Stay informed!

Subscribe for the latest from the Netskope Blog