It’s the season for mince pies, tinsel and, of course, holiday shopping. I am in the Middle East so temperatures are quite pleasant for a mall stroll while shopping for family gifts, but it’s certainly odd hearing Mariah Carey being played and seeing fake snow on Christmas trees when it’s 25 degrees outside. While I prefer to do my shopping in person, around the world the majority of festive shopping happens on mobiles and laptops. In fact, over the five-day holiday weekend from Thanksgiving Day through Cyber Monday this year, two-thirds of US shoppers did some retail spending online, according to the National Retail Federation. With this flurry of consumer spending comes a tidal wave of emails and messages offering holiday discounts and updates on package deliveries.
Unfortunately, cyber criminals anticipate this surge of on-line activity, and every year they seize on the opportunities to dupe unassuming victims with phishing tactics, using the promise of one-off time-bound discounts. Vigilance is crucial in this period as threat actors push forward with attacks using well known brands as cover. But it isn’t just the shoppers who need to be alert. With every online purchase, retailers receive new data over which they have to apply stringent protections. Payment data, personally identifiable data… the holiday shopping period creates a honey pot within retail businesses and threat actors swarm around it like bees, desperate to steal the sugar.
Netskope’s recent Threat Labs Report took a deep dive into the retail sector. Using the report’s key learnings, here are the top threats impacting retail businesses this festive season.
- It’s no surprise that cloud apps are a top target for cyber criminals. On average, professionals in the retail sector engage with around twenty cloud apps every month, with the top 1% of those using a staggering 85 apps monthly.
- Retail is unique compared to other industries, where often Microsoft OneDrive is both the most popular app used and the most popular app for malware downloads. Instead Google Drive, Google Gmail, and WhatsApp are among the top spots for malware in retail (while OneDrive continues to be the most popular app used in general).
- Using these channels, Trojans are the primary attack mechanism. Google Drive, for example, can be used by attackers to host malware and share it with victims, or occasionally, a user may accidently upload an infected file to a shared location that will spread quickly to everyone with access. Often, Trojans are used as the initial tool to trick the workforce in retail businesses into downloading other malware payloads, such as infostealers, backdoors, and ransomware, that will then do the real damage. Popular malware families—such as Guloader and Remcos—often aim to steal banking information, credentials, as well as personal and credit card information.
So what can retail businesses do to protect themselves?
- Over the winter holidays, the best advice is to always maintain vigilance. This means security teams should ensure they are inspecting all downloads from the web and trusted cloud apps, to prevent malware infiltrating networks, so use solutions such as our Netskope NG-SWG with a Threat Protection policy to seamlessly analyse the web and cloud traffic for you.
- When it’s necessary for employees to visit high-risk websites (such as new domains or cloud apps with no or low trust scores), make use of Remote Browser Isolation to give users access to a site via a remote browsers session instead of a user’s usual endpoint device for added protection.
- For damage mitigation, Intrusion Prevention Systems can be set up in advance of a breach to capture and block common traffic patterns for malicious activity, such as command and control traffic associated with popular malware. By disallowing this communication, attackers are limited in their ability to perform additional actions after a successful violation.
- Finally, take the opportunity to reinforce your workforce’s cyber education, highlighting the importance of scrutinising emails and messages, and thinking before clicking attractive, yet deadly, links. Similarly, remind users of policies around personal use instances on company devices. It is well worth making a New Year’s resolution to stop relying on annual security training and instead make use of technology (like Netskope) that can enable just-in-time user coaching, helping the workforce navigate appropriate behaviours in the moment that threats occur, rather than relying on them to retain best practice methods over 12 months between mandatory courses.
Unfortunately, all industries are subject to cyber threat, and retail is no exception. Throughout the busiest period in the retail industry’s year (holiday shopping, then well into the New Year sales), it’s now more important than ever to stay informed about the latest threats and protect ourselves against them wherever possible.