Netskope named a Leader in the 2022 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Security Service Edge. Get the Report.

  • Products

    Netskope products are built on the Netskope Security Cloud.

  • Platform

    Unrivaled visibility and real-time data and threat protection on the world's largest security private cloud.

Netskope Named a Leader in the 2022 Gartner Magic Quadrant™ for SSE Report

Get the report Go to Products Overview
Netskope gartner mq 2022 sse leader

Netskope delivers a modern cloud security stack, with unified capabilities for data and threat protection, plus secure private access.

Explore our platform
Birds eye view metropolitan city

Make the move to market-leading cloud security services with minimal latency and high reliability.

Learn more
Lighted highway through mountainside switchbacks

Prevent threats that often evade other security solutions using a single-pass SSE framework.

Learn more
Lighting storm over metropolitan area

Zero trust solutions for SSE and SASE deployments

Learn more
Boat driving through open sea

Netskope enables a safe, cloud-smart, and fast journey to adopt cloud services, apps, and public cloud infrastructure.

Learn more
Wind turbines along cliffside
  • Customer Success

    Secure your digital transformation journey and make the most of your cloud, web, and private applications.

  • Customer Support

    Proactive support and engagement to optimize your Netskope environment and accelerate your success.

  • Training and Certification

    Netskope training will help you become a cloud security expert.

Trust Netskope to help you address evolving threats, new risks, technology shifts, organizational and network changes, and new regulatory requirements.

Learn more
Woman smiling with glasses looking out window

We have qualified engineers worldwide, with diverse backgrounds in cloud security, networking, virtualization, content delivery, and software development, ready to give you timely, high-quality technical assistance.

Learn more
Bearded man wearing headset working on computer

Secure your digital transformation journey and make the most of your cloud, web, and private applications with Netskope training.

Learn more
Group of young professionals working
  • Resources

    Learn more about how Netskope can help you secure your journey to the cloud.

  • Blog

    Learn how Netskope enables security and networking transformation through security service edge (SSE).

  • Events & Workshops

    Stay ahead of the latest security trends and connect with your peers.

  • Security Defined

    Everything you need to know in our cybersecurity encyclopedia.

Security Visionaries Podcast

Bonus Episode: The Importance of Security Service Edge (SSE)

Play the podcast
Black man sitting in conference meeting

Read the latest on how Netskope can enable the Zero Trust and SASE journey through security service edge (SSE) capabilities.

Read the blog
Sunrise and cloudy sky

SASE Week

Netskope is positioned to help you begin your journey and discover where Security, Networking, and Zero Trust fit in the SASE world.

Learn more
SASE Week

What is Security Service Edge?

Explore the security side of SASE, the future of network and protection in the cloud.

Learn more
Four-way roundabout
  • Company

    We help you stay ahead of cloud, data, and network security challenges.

  • Why Netskope

    Cloud transformation and work from anywhere have changed how security needs to work.

  • Leadership

    Our leadership team is fiercely committed to doing everything it takes to make our customers successful.

  • Partners

    We partner with security leaders to help you secure your journey to the cloud.

Netskope enables the future of work.

Find out more
Curvy road through wooded area

Netskope is redefining cloud, data, and network security to help organizations apply Zero Trust principles to protect data.

Learn more
Switchback road atop a cliffside

Thinkers, builders, dreamers, innovators. Together, we deliver cutting-edge cloud security solutions to help our customers protect their data and people.

Meet our team
Group of hikers scaling a snowy mountain

Netskope’s partner-centric go-to-market strategy enables our partners to maximize their growth and profitability while transforming enterprise security.

Learn more
Group of diverse young professionals smiling
Blog Threat Labs Abusing Google Sites and Microsoft Azure for Crypto Phishing
Aug 09 2022

Abusing Google Sites and Microsoft Azure for Crypto Phishing

Summary

Throughout 2022, Netskope Threat Labs found that attackers have been creating phishing pages in Google Sites and Microsoft Azure Web App to steal cryptocurrency wallets and accounts from Coinbase, MetaMask, Kraken, and Gemini.

These phishing pages are linked from the comment sections of other websites, where the attacker adds multiple links to the phishing pages, likely to boost SEO and drive victims directly to these pages. The main goal of this campaign is to steal cryptocurrency exchange accounts or recovery phrases, which allows the attacker to import existing crypto wallets.

In this blog post, we will analyze these phishing pages to demonstrate how they work.

How is it spread?

We found that most of these phishing pages are linked from the comment sections of other websites, mostly blogs. The attacker adds links to one or more phishing websites, where the URL contains elements to boost SEO.

Screenshot of cryptocurrency phishing pages being spread in other websites.
Cryptocurrency phishing pages being spread in other websites.

These comments are posted by random accounts, and sometimes there are multiple links leading to different phishing pages.

Screenshot of a comment leading to cryptocurrency phishing pages.
Commentary leading to cryptocurrency phishing pages.

Furthermore, the attackers are using these SEO techniques to make the phishing pages appear as the first result on search engines, like Google.

Example of phishing page appearing as the first result for “have MetaMask account” search.
Phishing page appearing as the first result for “have MetaMask account” search.

How does it work?

The main page is hosted with Google Sites and mimics the cryptocurrency website that it’s targeting. In the example below, we will demonstrate how the MetaMask phishing works. The landing page is very similar to the real MetaMask website.

Example of phishing page versus the original website.
Phishing page vs the original website.

The phishing page also contains a fake FAQ, as an additional measure to convince victims that the page is real and to improve SEO.

Screenshot of fake FAQ within the MetaMask phishing page.
Fake FAQ within the MetaMask phishing page.

Once the victim clicks “Download now” or “Login”, the user is redirected to another page hosted with Azure Web Apps.

Screenshot of second stage of the MetaMask phishing.
Second stage of the MetaMask phishing.

For the MetaMask phishing, there are two options. The first one is through the “Import wallet” button, which tries to steal the secret recovery phrase that can be used to steal existing wallets.

Screenshot of phishing page trying to steal the wallet’s secret recovery phrase.
Phishing page trying to steal the wallet’s secret recovery phrase.

And the second tries to steal the username and password.

Screenshot of phishing page trying to steal MetaMask account.
Phishing page trying to steal MetaMask account.

More targets

We also found online phishing campaigns targeting Coinbase, MetaMask, Kraken, and Gemini. All using the same attack flow, by hosting the main page with Google Sites and the second stage with Azure Web App.

Coinbase

Example of Coinbase cryptocurrency exchange phishing
Coinbase cryptocurrency exchange phishing

Gemini Wallet

Example of Gemini Wallet phishing page.
Gemini Wallet phishing page.

Kraken Wallet

Example of Kraken Wallet phishing page.
Kraken Wallet phishing page.

What’s the difference between them?

The difference between these attacks is that the MetaMask phishing also tries to steal the MetaMask security recovery phrase. All of the other phishing pages only try to steal the account credentials. For example, below we have the flow for the Gemini phishing.

Screenshot of Gemini phishing page.
Gemini phishing page.

After inserting the username and password, the victim is redirected to a fake MFA page, which asks for a phone number.

Example of fake MFA page.
Fake MFA page.

After inserting this information, the victim is redirected to a fake error page.

Example of fake page displayed in the Gemini phishing.
Fake page displayed in the Gemini phishing.

The “Ask Expert” button triggers an online chat with the attacker, which requires more information from the victim.

Screenshot ofattacker interacting with the victim through the phishing website.
Attacker interacting with the victim through the phishing website.

If the attacker can’t reach the victim by phone, then they ask if they can access the victim’s machine via TeamViewer.

Screenshot of attacker trying to access the victim’s machine.
Attacker trying to access the victim’s machine.

Conclusions

Attackers are constantly trying to steal cryptocurrency wallets and accounts with elaborate phishing pages, mimicking the real websites, avoiding typos to make the page look real, and even interacting with victims through a live web chat. 

In this campaign, we found that the attackers are abusing Google Sites and Azure Web App to host the pages, likely due to cost, ease-of-use, and to slightly increase the victim’s trust. Also, attackers are using SEO techniques to increase the reach of the phishing sites, making it appear in the first result when the victim searches for the real website.

Netskope strongly recommends users to never enter credentials after clicking on a link. Instead, always navigate directly to the site you are trying to log in to. For organizations, we also recommend using a secure web gateway, capable of detecting and blocking phishing in real time.

Protection

Netskope Threat Labs is actively monitoring this campaign and has ensured coverage for all known threat indicators. Netskope Next Gen SWG inspects all HTTP and HTTPS traffic, using a combination of threat intelligence, signatures, heuristics, and machine learning to identify and block phishing pages in real time.

IOCs

First stage URLs

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/coinbaseloginn.com/changecoinbasepasword/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/coinbaseloginn.com/coinbasenotworking/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/coinlogins.com/geminiwallet/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/coinlogins.com/metamasklogin/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/cryptouswallet.com/coinbasewallet

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/cryptouswallet.com/metamaskwallet/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/krakenlogins.com/krakenwallet/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamask-log-in/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamask-loginn/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamask-wallet/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamaskchrromeextension/home

hxxps://sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamasklogin/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/coinbaseloginn.com/changecoinbasepasword/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/coinbaseloginn.com/coinbasenotworking/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/coinlogins.com/geminiwallet/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/coinlogins.com/metamasklogin/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/cryptouswallet.com/coinbasewallet

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/cryptouswallet.com/metamaskwallet/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/krakenlogins.com/krakenwallet/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamask-log-in/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamask-loginn/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamask-wallet/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamaskchrromeextension/home

hxxps://web.sites.google[.]com/metamask-ios.com/metamasklogin/home

Second stage URLs

hxxps://coinbcaselogin.azurewebsites[.]net/coin-baselogin/

hxxps://gemninus-logi.azurewebsites[.]net/

hxxps://gemninus-logi.azurewebsites[.]net/error.html

hxxps://gemninus-logi.azurewebsites[.]net/vendor/Sender.php

hxxps://gemninus-logi.azurewebsites[.]net/verify.php

hxxps://kraakesn-log.azurewebsites[.]net/

hxxps://kraakesn-log.azurewebsites[.]net/error.html

hxxps://kraakesn-log.azurewebsites[.]net/vendor/Sender.php

hxxps://kraakesn-log.azurewebsites[.]net/verify.php

hxxps://metamammas-ks.azurewebsites[.]net/

hxxps://metamammas-ks.azurewebsites[.]net/import-with-seed-phrase/

hxxps://metamammas-ks.azurewebsites[.]net/metnna-login/

hxxps://metamammas-ks.azurewebsites[.]net/select-action/

hxxps://metattamsamsk.azurewebsites[.]net/import-with-seed-phrase/

hxxps://metattamsamsk.azurewebsites[.]net/m-error/

hxxps://metattamsamsk.azurewebsites[.]net/m-verify/

hxxps://metattamsamsk.azurewebsites[.]net/metnna-login/

hxxps://metattamsamsk.azurewebsites[.]net/select-action/

author image
About the author
Gustavo Palazolo is an expert in malware analysis, reverse engineering and security research, working many years in projects related to electronic fraud protection. He is currently working on the Netskope Research Team, discovering and analyzing new malware threats.
Gustavo Palazolo is an expert in malware analysis, reverse engineering and security research, working many years in projects related to electronic fraud protection. He is currently working on the Netskope Research Team, discovering and analyzing new malware threats.